An Overview of Mental Health on Stress Among Students In USM

Nurdiana Binti Md Masud Rana, Nuramirah Binti Rayeesudeen, Nurdyana Aqylah Binti Abdul Jalil, Nurashira Binti Mohamed Zainul Abideen


Mental health of higher education students is deteriorating at an alarming rate. The Covid-19 pandemic has had a severe psychological impact on students, who are constantly burdened with various learning tasks as well as online lectures. This study explains the influencing factors that affect the mental health of students in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). We conducted an online survey via Google Forms. A total of 150 USM students participated in the online survey. The data gained was interpreted using IBM SPSS Statistic Software to produce meaningful results. The potential causes of stress among USM students that will be discussed briefly in this research are health issues, academic problems, financial difficulties, and family problems. We also consider the Covid-19-pandemic effects on the factors elaborated in this research. Stress can be treated and must be well managed so that it will not become worse. There are many ways and activities that can be done to avoid being stressed.

Full Text:



Agolla, J. E., & Ongori, H. (2009). An assessment of academic stress among undergraduate students: The case of University of Botswana.

Anwar, A., Kee, D. M. H., Salman, A., & Jabeen, G. (2022). Impact of COVID-19 social media news on employee behavior: The mediating role of psychological well-being and depression, Asian Development and Educational Studies, 11(1), 196-211. doi:10.1108/AEDS-07-2020-0159

Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American psychologist, 55(5), 469. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.5.469

Baghurst, T., & Kelley, B. C. (2014). An examination of stress in college students over the course of a semester. Health promotion practice, 15(3), 438-447. doi:10.1177/1524839913510316

Cohen, S., Murphy, M. L., & Prather, A. A. (2019). Ten surprising facts about stressful life events and disease risk. Annual review of psychology, 70, 577-597. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102857

Gautam, P. (2020). Advantages And Disadvantages of Online Learning. Retrieved from

Heffer, T., & Willoughby, T. (2017). A count of coping strategies: A longitudinal study investigating an alternative method to understanding coping and adjustment. PloS one, 12(10), e0186057. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0186057

Hu, M. K., & Kee, D. M. H. (2022). Harmonising global higher education: Optimise learning in the new normal. Shaping a Humane World through Global Higher Education: Pre-Challenges and Post-Opportunities during a Pandemic, 131.

Jain, G., & Singhai, M. (2017). Academic stress amongst students: a review of literature. Prestige e-Journal of Management and Research, 4(2), 58-67.

Kapasia, N., Paul, P., Roy, A., Saha, J., Zaveri, A., Mallick, R., ... & Chouhan, P. (2020). Impact of lockdown on learning status of undergraduate and postgraduate students during COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India. Children and youth services review, 116, 105194. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105194

Kee, D. M. H., Yyadav, S., Ngu, H. J., & Sasitheran, N. A. (2022). Acculturative stress among international students: A case of Malaysian Universities. Asia Pacific Journal of Management and Education, 5(1), 22-33. doi:10.32535/apjme.v5i1.1425

Khan, A. H., Sultana, M. S., Hossain, S., Hasan, M. T., Ahmed, H. U., & Sikder, M. T. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health & wellbeing among home-quarantined Bangladeshi students: A cross-sectional pilot study. Journal of affective disorders, 277, 121-128. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2020.07.135

Mostafa, L. (2021). Egyptian student sentiment analysis using Word2vec during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics 2020, 195-203. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-58669-0_18

Mpungose, C. B. (2020). Emergent transition from face-to-face to online learning in a South African University in the context of the Coronavirus pandemic. Humanities and social sciences communications, 7(1), 1-9. doi:10.1057/s41599-020-00603-x

Munir, F., Anwar, A., & Kee, D. M. H. (2021). Online learning and students’ fear of Covid-19 and online learning: Study in Malaysia and Pakistan. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 22(4) 1-21. doi:10.19173/irrodl.v22i4.5637

Musa, K. I., Arifin, W. N., Mohd, M. H., Jamiluddin, M. S., Ahmad, N. A., Chen, X. W., ... & Bulgiba, A. (2021). Measuring time-varying effective reproduction numbers for COVID-19 and their relationship with movement control order in Malaysia. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(6), 3273. doi:10.3390/ijerph18063273

Mahmood, S. (2020). Instructional strategies for online teaching in COVID‐19 pandemic. Human behavior and emerging technologies, 3(1), 199-203. doi:10.1002/hbe2.218

Miles Mason. (2022). Divorce Rates Statistic and Trends 2022. Retrieved from,people%20per%201%2C000%20total%20population.

Ministry of Finance Malaysia. (2022). 2023 Pre-Budget Statement. Retrieved from

Putri, A., Amran, A., Suparwo, A., Kurniawan, A., Rahayu, Y. S., & Suryana, S. (2021). The importance of perceived organizational support and work from home to increase work-life balance during the covid-19 pandemic. Asia Pacific Journal of Management and Education, 4(3), 10-21. doi:10.32535/apjme.v4i3.1262

Robotham, D., & Julian, C. (2006). Stress and the higher education student: a critical review of the literature. Journal of further and higher education, 30(02), 107-117. doi:10.1080/03098770600617513

Singh, P., Sinha, R., Koay, W. L., Teoh, K. B., Nayak, P., Lim, C. H., ... & Aryani, D. N. (2021). A comparative study on effectiveness of online and offline learning in higher education. International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality in Asia Pasific, 4(3), 102-114. doi:10.32535/ijthap.v4i3.1212

Thatcher, T. (2022, May 5). The Top Ten Benefits of Spending Time with Family. Retrieved from family/

UNESCO. (2020). 290 million students out of schools due to Covid-19: UNESCO releases first global numbers and mobilizes responses. Retrieved from

UNESCO IESALC. (2020). Universities actions in the face of Covid-19. Retrieved from

World Economic Forum. (2020). The covid-19 pandemic has changed education forever. This is how. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2006). WHO remains firmly committed to the principles set out in the preamble to the Constitution. Retrieved from

Zwart, H. (2021). Financial Stress in College Students. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Nurdiana Binti Md Masud Rana, Nuramirah Binti Rayeesudeen, Nurdyana Aqylah Binti Abdul Jalil, Nurashira Binti Mohamed Zainul Abideen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by:

AIBPM Publisher

Editorial Office:

JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
 +62 341 366222

Supported by: Association of International Business & Professional Management

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us at

ISSN 2655-2035 (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

Asia Pacific Journal of Management and Education (APJME) INDEXED:


In Process

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.